Advancement in technology led to significant changes on how we carry out various daily activities. Here are top 10 innovations that you should know about. Gone are the days when man used to rely heavily on physical energy to carry out various tasks. Technology has led to amazing innovations that have literally simplified some of the complex tasks. More importantly, it has helped us carry out tasks that were previously considered impossible. Leaning facilities have played an important role of nurturing talents and impacting knowledge on scholars who later on come up with incredible devices and systems that makes life more fulfilling and easy. Let us look at the top 10 innovations that changed the world.
10. The Compass
The first magnetic compass was designed and invented in China in the 14th century for astrological purposes. Later on, it was used to navigate the world especially in marine travel industry as it helped explorers move across world’s oceans with ease especially during the Age of Discovery. Despite the fact that most people prefer using global position systems and satellites that are more accurate and reliable, compasses are still widely used.
09. Printing Press
Before the invention of the internet and modern printing machines, Guternberg’s machine was the only printing press media in the world. This machine was developed around 1440 in Mainz. It relied heavily on a special mould that was capable of producing up to 3,600 pages per day. One of the major benefits derived from this innovation is that it helped foster communication across the globe. By 1600, these machines had been used to print up to 200 million new books.
08. Paper Currency
Before the inception of paper currency, traders used to practice barter trade. This is a unique method of doing business whereby traders would use material commodities such as precious stones to buy various essential goods. The first paper currencies were printed and used in China between 8th and 9th century. By 19th century, virtually all countries had put in place monetary bodies whose main role was to monitor production of paper currencies. This greatly streamlined business between countries and global companies.
90% of all heavy machineries used in manufacturing plants are made from steel. The early man societies relied heavily on stone, bronze and iron to make machines. Some of the ancient steel tools collected by archeologists are believed to be 4,000 years old. This means that they played a very important role in the Industrial Revolution. It significantly helped to boost the economy of North America which had massive iron ore deposits. By applying the Bessemer process, companies were able to produce bulk quantities of steel to meet the ever increasing demand.
06. Magnifying Lenses
This is one of the most neglected innovations that remarkably redefined the manner in which health services are offered. The lenses were first used in the 13th century to improve eyesight. Later on telescopes and microscopes were invented. Some of the renowned scientists such as Anton van Leeuwenhoek and Robert Hook used them to study disease causing bacteria and viruses. Other scientists such as Galileo Galilei used telescopes to carry out astrological studies. More studies and research led to development of electronic microscopes and powerful telescopes that have significantly impacted various industries such as optometry, archeology, astronomy and biology.
This is among the first breakthroughs in the communication industry. The first models used Samuel Morse’s codes to convey messages. That is, they used to intermittently stop flow of electrical current along communication wires. By 1902, telegraph lines had covered the entire world and this greatly helped to promote fast transmission of information from one part of the globe to another. Some of the industries that really benefited from this discovery include banking, news media, warfare, industry and the list continues.
04. The Steam Engine
This was the first transport method that helped traders, travelers and companies to transport bulky good from one place to another. The first steam engine was tested in 1698 by Thomas Savery. As the name suggests, this engine was powered by a superior water pump. In 1700s, this engine was improved by James Watt who came up with a fuel pump to replace the water pump. The new engine was extensively used in United States and Great Britain especially in the agriculture and manufacturing sectors. In fact, it is this engine that was perfected to design the new era electricity trains.
Did you know that all electronic gadgets have transistors? This essential component helps to complete the circuit and control the amount of current that flows to various parts of the electronics. The first one was developed by Bell Laboratories in 1947. Research studies show that the number of transistors that are incorporated in integrated circuits doubles every two years due to the ever growing technology. Nevertheless, there is need for government and non-governmental organizations to come up with ways of recycling the waste transistors to prevent environmental degradation.
In the 10th century, herbal medicines were extensively used to cure almost all bacterial and viral diseases. Using the available resources, ancient scientists were able to carry out extensive research studies that helped them develop antibiotics to counter various diseases. Alexander Fleming was the first scientist to discover the bacterial inhibiting mold also known as penicillin in 1928. The antibiotics were used in World War 1 to cure bacterial pneumonia in soldiers. Since then, scientists have been able to successfully develop strong and safe antibiotics for various diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, meningitis, Influenza and sexually transmitted diseases.
Can you imagine a world without electricity? Most of the modern electronic systems would be rendered useless. Humphry Davy, Joseph Wilson Swan, Thomas Alva Edison and Warren de la Rue are some of the engineers who worked tireless to design and craft electric bulbs. Later on, establishment of domestic electrical wiring technology led revived the zeal to design in-home appliances such as refrigerators, electric cookers, air conditioning systems, heaters and the list continues. This is one of the major reasons that led to increase in number of electronic manufacturing companies in the world. As you can see, technology is the root source of all innovations in the world.